Basketball is a in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular, compete with the primary objective of (approximately 9.4 inches (24 cm) in diameter) through the defender's hoop (a basket 18 inches (46 cm) in diameter mounted 10 feet (3.048 m) high to a at each end of the court) while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A worth two points, unless made from behind when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play (overtime) is mandated.
Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running (dribbling) or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots—the on defense, they may steal the ball from a dribbler, intercept passes, or shots; either offense or defense may collect, that is, a missed shot that bounces from rim or backboard.
The five players on each side at a time fall into five positions: the tallest player is usually the, the tallest and strongest is the, a slightly shorter but more agile big man is the, and the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the and the, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays (player positioning). Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, and one-on-one.
Invented in 1891 by Canadian-American gym teacher. The (NBA) is the most significant league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries, talent, and level of competition. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the. The the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world. Each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams.
Before widespread, most American high schools were far smaller than their present-day counterparts. During the first decades of the 20th century, basketball quickly became the ideal interscholastic sport due to its modest equipment and personnel requirements. In the days before widespread television coverage of professional and college sports, the popularity of high school basketball was unrivaled in many parts of America. Perhaps the most legendary of high school teams was Indiana's, which took the nation by storm during the 1920s, dominating Indiana basketball and earning national recognition.
The ball may be advanced toward the basket by being shot, passed between players, thrown, tapped, rolled or dribbled (bouncing the ball while running).
The ball must stay within the court; the last team to touch the ball before it travels out of bounds forfeits possession. The ball is out of bounds if it touches a boundary line, or touches any player or object that is out of bounds.